Zamek Dancers of Group 769 held their 66th annual recital this
past April in Warren, Michigan. Family, friends, and distinguished
guests from Polish Womens Alliance were in attendance
for this lovely display of Polish heritage through dance and
song. Great fun was had by all as the audience watched the children
perform tap, jazz, and traditional Polish dance numbers. During
the recital, the Zamek Dancers honored Trevor Rakus with their
distinguished Merit Award in honor of the many years of dance
and heart he gave to the troupe. Zamek would like to once again
welcome the new families who have joined them this year, and
they look forward to the many years they will have as part of
the Zamek Family. Additionally, they extend their
thanks to the many parents who volunteered during the year,
helping with practices, parties, fundraisers, and performances.
The Zamek Dancers welcomes everyone from ages 2 1/2 to 99, and
would love for you to join them! If you are interested in joining
the troupe or having them perform at an event in the Southeastern
Michigan area, please contact Doreen Geml at 586-776-6807 for
Click PLAY to view videos
from the Recital
PROGRAM IN POLAND
summer, five PWA members participated in the Summer Cultural
Program in Poland.
This opportunity for young Polish Americans to see the country
of their ancestors
funded in large part by the PWA, the PAC Charitable Foundation
and Wspolnota Polska, with families contributing the difference.
above shows the program participants from a number of Polish
from OHare International Airport in Chicago on July
14, 2013, along with PACCF officers
Christopher Nowotarski and Steve Tokarski, who also served
as chaperones on the trip.
Seeing off our members was PWA Secretary-Treasurer Antoinette
who also serves as a Director of the PACCF.
PWA members, selected in a drawing, were Emily Hogan
of Group 786, District 5;
Aliza Jones-Kaniewski of Group 128, District 3; Megan Robson
of Group 31, District 1;
and Kelsi Wawrzynkiewicz and Haylee Wawrzynkiewicz of Group
409, District 11.
RECIPIENTS OF JAGIELLONIAN
SUMMER PROGRAM SCHOLARSHIPS
This year, for the first time, PWA was happy to offer
two scholarships to the Summer Program at the Jagiellonian
University in Krakow, Poland. The two Scholarship
Recipients for 2013 are Helen Lopez of Group 530,
District XIV Pennsylvania, and Kasia Ann Schemanski
of Group 786, District V, Michigan. Their essays are
Polish Heritage Benefits Do I Anticipate to Gain by
Attending the Summer Program at the Jagiellonian University
July the 4th of 2012 I arrived in Krakow, Poland. I was 60 years
of age. This was my first trip to the land that helped form
me into the person I am today. I achieved two of my primary
goals of this trip: to visit the church where my grandmother
was baptized at Swiety Swierad and to meet my cousins in Tropie.
Both of these joyous objectives opened up my heart and mind
to want to know so much more about Poland.
an American of Polish heritage I grew up learning to sing and
pray in Polish. We have always celebrated Swieconka at Easter
and Wigilia at Christmas. Having served as the Polish Women's
Alliance of America President of Group 530 and until recently
as the District 14 President, I tried to share my heritage through
our fraternal activities - but I always felt that something
By going to study in Poland I am hoping to find out what is
missing. Polish heritage is clearly so much more than pierogi
and polkas. During my short time in Poland I visited the cities
of Krakow, Wieliczka, Tarnow, and Tropie. I interacted with
hotel and restaurant staff, tour guides and family. I want to
know about Poland's history and how it and her people have made
it the country that it is today beyond what you read about in
books or magazines. So, the first benefit is simply to satisfy
my curiosity: to discern what is "missing" by meeting
and interacting with the people of Poland.
I am sure you know many Catholic Polish parishes have closed/merged.
We don't hear the prayers or hymns sung in Polish as much anymore.
Wigilia and Swieconka are becoming increasingly secularized.
I wonder if the same things are happening in Poland. What can
they teach me about my heritage that would help me promote our
Polish heritage in our fraternal organization and in my own
family? That would be the second benefit that I hope to attain:
to be reinvigorated with new and modern ideas to promote our
Polish heritage so that future generations carry on the traditions
and know why they are important.
love to learn new things. A few years ago when very few younger
coworkers in my workplace chose not to enroll in a management
development program offered by our employer, I decided to apply
to the program and was chosen to participate. The program was
of two years duration and required a lot of extra work. But
I enjoyed learning more about myself and how to improve my management
skills. I am already fluent in Spanish and have a solid knowledge
of Mexican history and culture. It would be quite a challenge
to learn the Polish language, history, and culture at this stage
in my life. However, it would be such an honor to learn the
language, traditions, history, and culture at the oldest Polish
university. (I already bought a Jagiellonian University tee
shirt!!). So another benefit and probably the most important
one is simply the opportunity to learn. It would be such a privilege
to represent the Polish Women's Alliance of America while I
live and study in Poland.
summation I anticipate the following benefits:
To meet and interact with people in Poland
To be better prepared to promote our Polish heritage through
our fraternal organization and in my family
To learn the Polish language, traditions, history and culture.
would be such a privilege to share all the knowledge and experiences
that I might gain by this opportunity to study at the Jagiellonian
University especially in promoting my PWA group, council and
Polish Heritage Benefits Do I Anticipate to Gain by Attending
Summer Program at the Jagiellonian University in Krakow?"
the Jagiellonian University summer program I hope to gain a
better understanding of my Polish heritage in terms of the language,
culture, arts, history and have the opportunity to meet others
with similar interests. The first benefit would be to develop
a better comprehension of and ability to speak the Polish language.
Several of my friends have attended the Summer Program and have
come back with an expanded vocabulary and comprehension of the
language and greatly improved reading and writing skills. It
has always been one of my desires to develop and broaden my
ability to speak, read and write Polish. I have some basic knowledge
of the Polish language and would very much like to enhance my
verbal and written skills. I am studying Criminal Justice in
college and hope to one day work for the government. Being fluent
in a second language would greatly enhance my employment opportunities.
It would also provide me with the ability to converse with others
who have a limited grasp of the English language.
I would like to really have the opportunity to learn more about
the history of Poland and to study at the Jagiellonian. To think
that I could study at the University founded by King Kasimir
the Great is amazing. Krakow was the capitol of the Kingdom
of Poland and its rich history and culture make it an educational
destination. During my elementary and secondary education there
was little if any acknowledgement of the contributions made
by Polish people throughout the ages. At the Summer Program
I would hope to expand upon the knowledge I currently possess
in this area. I would like very much to be able to speak with
commitment and clarity about the history of Poland and to clarify
the misconceptions that many people possess about Poland and
its rich history.
would also like to expand my knowledge of the culture and art
of my Polish heritage. Being able to develop a deeper awareness
of and understanding of my Polish heritage is very important
to me. I would like to learn about the culture and background
of my ancestors and the contributions my culture gave to the
world. On a personal note, I was born in Poland, adopted at
the age of five weeks and at the age of three months came to
the United States. It would be a personal achievement to be
able to spend a month in the country of my birth and explore
first-hand the culture of my ancestors. To be able to walk the
streets of Krakow where my ancestors may have walked and to
attend the university where some of them may have studied is
a once in a lifetime opportunity.
had the opportunity to present flowers to Dr. Zbigniew Brzezinski
at the Piast Institute's Third Dekaban Lecture. One of the things
I remember most is Dr. Brzezinski telling us to be proud of
our Polish heritage and how President Jimmy Carter introduced
Dr. Brzezinski to his staff and instructed them to learn how
to spell and pronounce Dr. Brzezinski's name by the next day.
I always remember his words when people mispronounce or misspell
my name. Attending the Jagiellonian University Summer Program
would enhance the words of Dr. Brzezinski in my mind, "Always
be proud of your Polish heritage." Not only would it enhance
my understanding, but it would also provide me with a solid
foundation to build upon and use as I pursue my education and
involvement in Polonia and the Polish Women's Alliance of America.
SUMMER IN KRAKOW - 2012
Group 769, District V Michigan, was the recipient of the
2012 Summer Program at Jagiellonian University Scholarship.
She shares her experience with us in the following essay.
July of 2012, I was able to experience one of the most incredible
months of my life so far. Thanks to the Polish Women's Alliance,
I was able to spend the month traveling and studying abroad
in Poland on a full-ride scholarship. In fact, to describe the
time I spent there as "incredible" does not do it
justice. Studying at the Jagiellonian University's School of
Polish Language and Culture broadened my life through language,
culture, art, and history in a way that simply defies words.
a Polish dancer for 18 years and a lifelong member of PWA, I
had always dreamed of the chance to go to Poland and explore
the country of my ancestors; however, everything I imagined
couldn't come close to the world I encountered. To start off,
one of the most important occurrences during my time there was
the immersive language course I took. Even as a first-level
Polish student, with my knowledge of the language limited to
"dzi?kuj?" and "kocham ci?, babcia," I was
forced to push my boundaries and learn in a class that was taught
almost solely in Polish. It was difficult, to say the least,
but incredibly gratifying when I found myself able to make small
talk with shopkeepers and understand directions about the city.
brings me to my next love, which was the city and culture of
Krakow. Although we lived outside of the heart of the town,
I found myself traveling nearly every day to explore a new area
of the seemingly endless cityscape. I was able to try delicious
home-cooked meals from small restaurants in the back corners
of the Stare Miasto and even the Bary mleczne (milk bars that
I frequented for lunch), watch the European Cup finals from
a soccer center in the middle of a local park, explore the old
buildings and town center in Kazimierz, and even spend a day
exploring the Krakow Zoo with my new friends from across the
world. Every new experience I had brought me further into a
culture that had so much to explore. In fact, these few things
only touched on the things I did during my time there. I was
also able to discover the small museums and shops of Zakopane,
where I was able to buy my own handmade pair of kierpce for
dance, honor the memories of the lives destroyed by experiencing
history in person at Auschwitz and Birkenau, and even take classes
on how to make traditional Polish food and drinks so I could
bring home some new techniques to my family.
the end, though, it was the chance to take a class on the art
of Poland that truly made this time magical for me. When I first
read about the course offered, it sounded too incredible to
be true. It gave the students the chance to escape the confines
of a classroom and slides of photos of art and instead explore
them in person. Once again, my hopes for the class were far
surpassed by the adventures themselves. Our instructor, we learned,
was a curator for the national art archives at the Wawel Castle,
which meant that we had access to architecture, building, sculptures,
and paintings that few Krakowians would ever have the chance
to see, let alone a "typical tourist." As her students,
we dove into archives of art from the early centuries of mankind,
through the cathedrals of the Gothic and Baroque periods, to
the sculptures and paintings of the Renaissance and Romanticsm,
and even into the eclectic arts of surrealism - all in person
through museums and tours across the city, and more.
the most memorable moments from this trip occurred in her class
just about a week into the course. Located on Wawel Hill, there
is an exhibit that shows the outside of The Rotunda of the Blessed
Virgin Mary, a tiny one-room building from the 10th/11th century
that the curators are desperately trying to figure out how to
preserve as it is slowly crumbling in front of them. As we passed
the rope to the pathway in front of us, she turned to us with
a gleam in her eye and said, "Now, you must go in, take
one deep breath and breathe in the history, for this is the
history of Poland." It was incredible. To the naked eye,
it was a room of stone that was falling apart, but being in
there, I felt magic. I felt history. I felt like a true Pole.
can only hope that this small window into my life during that
month does it justice. I think I could write pages about that
time and still not explain everything, and for this I thank Polish
Women's Alliance. This opportunity, once again, was more than
I had hoped for. That July ignited a fire in me to continue to
grow and learn so much more about my culture and family ancestry
- and I have promised myself I will be back once again to experience
NEW TENNIS STARS
U.S. has the Williams sisters, Venus and Serena Poland
has the Radwanskie sisters, Agnieszka and Urszula, from Kraków.
Agnieszka, 23, is currently ranked No. 2 in the world after
playing in the Wimbledon Womens Singles championship game
on July 7, 2012. She lost to Serena Williams, but made history
by becoming the first Polish tennis player to qualify for a
Grand Slam final since 1939. Her younger sister Urszula, 18,
is an up-and-coming star, currently ranked No. 54. Both sisters
will be representing Poland at the Olympics. Expect to see more
of Agnieszka and Urszula in the worlds most prestigious
tennis competitions in the coming years. In the photo above,
Agnieszka is on the left, Ursuzla on the right.
played in the Women's Singles Championship Game on July 7, 2012,
in Wimbledon, UK. She lost to Serena Willaims of the USA two sets
to one, but she made history by becoming the first Polish tennis
player to qualify for a Grand Slam final since 1939. Agnieszka
is currently ranked the No. 2 women's tennis player in the world.
PWA YOUTH CONFERENCE PHILADELPHIA
JULY 14-18, 2010
Benjamin Franklin once said "Lost time is never found again."
2010 PWA Youth Conference delegates (ages 14-16) did not lose
any time while exploring their Polish and American heritage
in Philadelphia, PA this summer. Even though the weather was
hot and not very comfortable, we managed to stick to the tight
schedule as much as possible in order not to miss any of the
important points of interest that were planned for the group.
welcoming pizza party for those arriving at the hotel satisfied
the hungry travelers, and after a short introduction of all
the chaperones and some last-minute instructions, we were off
to an overview of the city by trolley. Dinner was served at
the City Tavern where we were greeted by staff in colonial costumes.
Besides serving dinner, they also acted out several short skits
apropos to the times. We were then led by a colonial host to
the State House (Independence Hall) where we met the vigilant
night watchman who let us enter. We witnessed an enactment of
several Founding Fathers deep in discussion over the creation
of the Declaration of Independence. We ended the evening listening
to several folk and ghost stories in the Philadelphia historical
next day after breakfast, we met Ellen, our tour guide, who
took us to the Liberty Bell Pavilion, Independence Hall, and
Congress Hall. A visit to Old St. Joseph's Church for a brief
talk from the archivist regarding religious freedom in Pennsylvania
followed. Next, we visited the Polish American Cultural Center
and were met by Theresa who greeted our group, spoke about the
Center, passed out words to "Sto Lat" in English and
Polish and led us in song. PWA delegate Brian Scarfone read
the presentation to Theresa for the Polish American Cultural
Center and presented a donation on behalf of the group. Each
participant received a Copernicus pin from Theresa as a special
thank you. Famous Philadelphia Cheese Steak sandwiches at Jim's
Steak House were next. A brief history of how they started and
became famous was told to the group. Our hungry walkers were
looking forward to this stop. After we refreshed ourselves,
our next stop was the Thaddeus Kosciuszko House.
returned to the hotel for a short rest and then walked to Bistro
Romano - Murder Mystery Dinner Theater...the actors were also
the servers and several members of our group were given a small
part in the play. Chaperone Marcia Duffy portrayed Sandra Day
O'Connor. We all did our best to guess "whodunit"
and although several in our group had the correct answer, Matthew
Siemianowski's name was the one pulled from those who had guessed
correctly and he was given a prize.
3 started off with a coach tour to Valley Forge where we met
General Washington who spoke to our group and took questions.
Box lunches were served on the coach as we made our way to the
National Constitution Center and then the Franklin Institute.
Here we visited the audio exhibit "Cleopatra, The Search
for the Last Queen of Egypt." Dinner was at the Hard Rock
Café in Philadelphia and then we proceeded to Franklin
Square where everyone was put on teams to play miniature golf.
Some of the group took complimentary rides on the carousel.
Saturday, after breakfast we met the coach and went to tour
the Battleship New Jersey. The battleship tour was given by
a retired captain who had served on the ship, which was retired
to the harbor in the early 1990s but now serves as a tourist
attraction. Lunch vouchers were issued to each delegate and
they were able to experience the Reading Terminal Market which
is an international indoor marketplace of foods, items, gifts,
lunch, we departed for Our Lady of Czestochowa Shrine in Doylestown
where we met up with Chaperone Felicia Perlick, who put this
part of the conference together. The delegates were divided
into two groups to participate in traditional Polish crafts.
Pisanki and Polish Paper Cutting (wycinanki) were offered and
each delegate had the opportunity to try their hand at both.
Then a tour of the Shrine was offered to the group. A mass in
the lower hall was held in the Our Lady of Czestochowa Shrine,
which is modeled after the original altar in Poland. Several
of our delegates participated. Amanda Marchese and Christopher
Chorzepa were altar servers. Alex Vander Noot presented the
flowers and Devin Vanderberg presented the PWA Youth Conference
certificate and donation (which he later read to Father). Bringing
up the gifts were Sara Allen and Audrey Stadler.
pizzas, a side, and dessert were served at Chicago Uno Grille.
A meeting in New Hope with Adele who took us on a Ghost Tour
ended the evening in mystery. As we returned back to the hotel,
we were well aware that we were all leaving the next day to
return home. Many delegates were anxious to do this again and
to have another opportunity to see all of their new PWA friends
closing, I would like to add another quote from Benjamin Franklin
"The Constitution only gives people the right to pursue
happiness. You have to catch it yourself!" I believe our
group did just that!
Zago, Vice President - Youth Conference Chair,
Marcia Duffy, National Director-Youth Conference Co-chair,
Antoinette Trela Vander Noot, Secretary-Treasurer - Chaperone
Felicia Perlick, National Director - Our Lady of Czestochowa
in Doylestown, PA Coordinator and Chaperone
Robert Duffy - Photographer and Chaperone
MUSIC IN POLAND
people in Poland have always been very open to new music genres
and even before the fall of the communism, music styles like
rock, metal, jazz, electronic, and New Wave were well known
and popular, even if it was not easy to buy the music in Poland.
Young people listened to pop radio stations in Western Europe,
which were openly condemned by the government as corrupt and
capitlastic, and their signals were regularly jammed or disrupted.
This served to make the forbidden music even more attractive
to young people and listening to it became an act of rebellion
and political opposition.
and British bands of the 60s, 70s, and 80s were especially popular
with the generations that came of age under communism. The music
and lyrics expressed a liberated lifestyle that young Poles
found attractive, and they showcased the limitless freedom of
artistic expression that was open to musicians in the West.
Since the fall of communism in 1989, the Polish scene has exploded
with new talents and diverse styles. In the last 20 years of
democratic rule and a return to a market economy, a new environment
of artistic freedom can be found in all areas of the arts, and
Polish popular musicians were quick to embrace that freedom
and produce their own cutting-edge music.
year, a huge gathering of young Poles meets to celebrate rock
and alternative music in Jarocin, Zary, and Kostrzyn on the
Oder, and at the Open'er Festival in Gdynia and the Off Festival
in Katowice. These events often attract more than 250,000 people
and are comparable to the gatherings in Woodstock in the U.S.
and Roskilde in Denmark.
big festivals of mainstream contemporary pop and folk music
are the Opole Festival and the Sopot Festival, held every summer.
Other important music festivals in Poland include the Jazz Jamboree
in Warsaw, the Rawa Blues Festival, and Jazz Days in Cracow.
contemporary female pop musicians are Gosia Andrzejewicz and
Natalia Kukulska (see video links below). Popular rock bands
include Czerwone Gitary, Dzem, and Silver Rocket, the name of
a new project from Poland led by Mariusz Szypura. Silver Rocket
is quickly gaining international recognition for its unique
techno sound. Many of their songs are in English.
are even Polish rap artists like GrubSon and O.S.T.R. and Polish
reggae singers like Ras Luta, and Poland also has a very active
underground extreme metal music scene. Another unique group
is the Kapela ze wsi Warszawa (Warsaw Village Band) which offers
a new take on a traditional Polish village band and traditional
folk songs. In jazz music, Polish musicians created a specific
style, which was most popular in the 60s and 70s. The most famous
Polish jazz artists are: Krzysztof Komeda, Adam Makowicz, Tomasz
Stanko, Michal Urbaniak. Gosia Andrzejewicz
congratulate these PWA members on their recent degrees, awards,
and successes! You make us all proud!
Group 226 - Autumn Misiolek
Misiolek, granddaughter of the late Joanne Misiolek, graduated
Summa Cum Laude with highest honors from the University of
Detroit Mercy this month with a Bachelor's Degree (Honors
Program) in Political Science with a concentration in Pre-Law.
Autumn was the only Liberal Arts graduate to receive a degree
from the Honors Program. Autumn received the Dean's Award
all four years at UDM. She also received the Presidential
Scholar Award and the Dean's Gold Key Award during her senior
year. Autumn was a member of the Jesuit Honor Society, Alpha
Sigma Nu, and the Political Science Honor Society, Pi Sigma
Alpha. Autumn will be attending the Western New England College
School of Law this fall on a scholarship. Autumn is a member
of PWA Council 3, Group 226 and of Council 20, Group 786.
Autumn danced for 18 years for both Groups and was the first
Lowicz Dancers Queen in 2006. Autumna was a recipient of the
PWA Undergraduate Scholarship multiple times. She is the daughter
of Paul and Tammy Misiolek and the granddaughter of Edward
Group 267 - Justin Lassiter
IN -- John Lassiter, member of Group 267 and a student at
Jasper High School, received three awards in 2010 from his
school choir. The awards he received were for Most Outstanding
Choir Student, Best Debut Performance, and Best Harmony Maker.
He is also a member of the Marching Band, both Concert Bands,
and Jazz Band. In the new school year, John will be the lead
singer and actor in the high school musical, "Cinderella."
He will play the role of Prince Charming. Outside of school
John plays violon in the Jasper Strings, Inc. He also plays
the guitar and hopes to major in music after graduating from
high school. Congratulations, John!
Odrobina - Group 451
Elizabeth Odrobina is the duaghter of Janice and Paul Odrobina,
Vice President of the Polish National Alliance. Katrina graduated
from Lane Tech College Prep High School this past June with
a GPA of 3.6. She is now attending Elmhurst College and majoring
in Elementary Education. Katrina received scholarships from
Elmhurst College called the Dean's List Scholarship, from
the Jon Quil Organization, and the PAC Charitable Foundation.
During the summer she was an Education Intern at the Museum
of Science and Industry, having regularly volunteered at the
Museum on Saturdays for the past two years. During the internship,
Katrina went offsite to preschools and elementary schools
and brought science directly to the students, teaching them
about light, magnets, and motion. Congratulations, Katrina,
and good luck with your studies!
Group 469 - Lori Ann Wozniak
-- On Thursday, May 13, 2010, Lori Ann Wozniak of Group 469,
graduated from the College of Pharmacy, University of Iowa.
Commencement exercises took place at the Coralville Marriott
Hotel & Conference Center. Lori received her Doctor of
Pharmacy degree, graduating with High Distinction. Helping
her celebrate this milestone in her life were her parents,
Jim and Chris Wozniak (in photo), along with her brother Brian
who flew in from California. Chris is PWA District IV President
and Jim is Council 23 President. Brian is also a member of
Group 469. Lori now resides in Conway, NH where she is working
for CVS Pharmacy. Lori, Congratulations on attaining your
doctorate and on the work you've accomplished to achieve your
Group 693 - Maya Piergies
IL -- Maya Piergies, lifetime member and Recording Secretary
of Group 693, earned her Master's Degree from Columbia College
Chicago on May 15, 2010, with a GPA of 3.9. Maya's degree
is in Visual Arts Management. Maya graduated cum laude from
De Paul University in 2007 with a Bachelor's Degree in Art
History. She has been employed as an assistant to an art dealer
in Chicago for a number of years, and she continued working
while getting her Master's. She has also been very involved
in the Glos Polek Centennial Exhibition for over a year, serving
as the curator of the exhibition and the coordinator of the
production of the exhibition objects. Maya was a PWA Debutante
in District I in 2002. Congratulations, Maya!
Council 28 Scholarship Recipients
MA -- Council 28 of District VIII Massachusetts awarded two
Council Scholarships for the 2009/2010 school year to the
following recipients: Alexandra Gallant, member of Chicopee
Group 317, attending Merrimack College, North Andover, MA
and Benjamin H. Rogers, member of Hadley Group 499, attending
Champlain College, Burlington, VT.
scholarship awards were announced at the March 14, 2010, Council
meeting hosted by Chicopee Group 317, Mrs. Sylvia Morytko,
President. Congratulations and best wishes go out to these
recipients and we wish them continued success with their studies.
We are very proud that they are participating members of Polish
Women's Alliance of America.
crowned White Eagle has been the Coat of Arms of the Polish
State for over 700 years. It is one of the oldest State
Coat of Arms in the world. There are very few other countries,
which have kept their coats of arms for such a long period
of time, There are many legends about the origins of the
White Eagle, but one of the favorite ones is connected
with Poland’s first capital, Gniezno, where Lech, the
legendary ancestor of the Piast kings was to find an eagle’s
nest (in Polish “gniazdo”), and thus took the eagle as
his coat of arms.
the king of all birds it was one of the earliest symbols
of power, victory, force and kingship. Because of these
reasons, many kings in other countries also wanted the
eagle in their coats of arms.
Polish Constitution is second only to the United States
Constitution in stressing human rights, freedom and tolerance,
and it was Europe’s first written Constitution – May 3,
about the 1771 constitution.
Read the entire May 3, 1771 constitution.
Read the Constitution of The Republic
of Poland as adopted by the National Assembly on 2nd April
and Polish Flags
Emblem of Good Will' A Polish Declaration of Admiration
and Friendship for the United States of America
there has never been a more extraordinary gift given by
one nation to another than the 111 volumes presented to
the United States by Poland on the 150th anniversary of
American independence. These volumes consist of a declaration
of admiration signed by an estimated 5,500,000 Polish
citizens, representing more than one-sixth of the total
population of Poland in 1926.